Facing the Glass Booth
The trial of Adolf Eichmann began on April 11, 1961, at the Beit Ha’Am center in Jerusalem. The defendant, Adolf son of Karl Eichmann, was accused of crimes against the Jewish people, the Roma/Sinti, and others during the Nazi reign in Germany and in the territories that Nazi Germany occupied. He was placed on trial under a law passed for this very purpose—the Nazis and Nazi Collaborators (Punishment) Law, 1950—and the trial was perceived from the start as an immensely important historical event. In a dramatic announcement in the Knesset, the Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, revealed that Eichmann had been captured by the Israel security services in Argentina, to which he had escaped at the end of the war. After his abduction, Eichmann was delivered to Israel aboard a special flight on May 22, 1960, for the purpose of being prosecuted in Jerusalem. A special panel of judges comprised of the Supreme Court Justice Moshe Landau and the District Court judges Benjamin Halevi and Yitzhak Raveh sat on a raised dais, facing a hall packed with world media and inquisitive Israelis including Holocaust survivors along with native-born Israelis. The prosecution was represented by Gideon Hausner, the Attorney General, and the defendant by a German defense attorney, Dr. Robert Servatius. Eichmann himself was seated in a reinforced glass booth for his own protection; the booth would become the symbol of the trial.
Source: Leora Bilsky, The Eichmann Trial, Six Million Accusers—the State of Israel vs. Adolf Eichmann